Hypersomnia sleep disorder: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Hypersomnia sleep disorder's picture

Hypersomnia is a condition of excessive sleepiness. It is not a disease, but usually a symptom of other disorders. At any rate, hypersomnia can disrupt the daily lifestyle of anyone. Sleeping for unnaturally long affects one’s professional and personal life. Even though excessive sleeping might not cause immediate physical harm, sleeping more than normal prevents one from living a healthy life.

The primary treatment of hypersomnia is a class of drugs called eugeroics. Eugeroics act as wakefulness-promoting agents. Modafinil is the first and most popular FDA-approved eugeroic available to us. If you are struggling with balancing sleep and life, consider using Modafinil to address this issue. The medication is also available widely in online pharmacies besides your local drugstores. However, before going off to buy Modafinil online, find out everything you need to know about hypersomnia in this blog.

What is hypersomnia?

The word hypersomnia simply translates to excessive sleep, which is exactly what the condition is. Drowsiness that is increasingly difficult to control is the obvious characteristic of the condition. It is not a disease in itself to have hypersomnia. Instead, it is a symptom of bigger underlying illnesses like narcolepsy, sleep apnea, and RLS, among other such sleep disorders. These deeper causes have a role in hypersomnia or sleeping too much. A person's usual sleep cycle is disrupted in certain circumstances. This may show up as insomnia, trouble getting asleep, or not getting sleep of optimum quality. Overall, this leads to sleep deprivation, which encourages hypersomnia, or uncontrollable daytime or workplace sleeping.
Temporary hypersomnia can also be brought on by long-term sleep deprivation or the associated complications of some drugs. Similar to sleep loss caused by sleep disorders, they also cause uncontrolled daytime drowsiness or tiredness during the daylight hours. There are times when hypersomnia and fatigue go hand in hand. Even if someone is able to prevent feeling tired, it still impairs their ability to focus and do regular chores.

What causes hypersomnia?

The immediate cause of hypersomnia is always not getting enough sleep, being continuously stressed or tired for a long stretch without sleeping, and not getting good quality sleep. However, these are nowhere near the root cause of hypersomnia in most cases. Hypersomnia is usually caused due to several brain disorder that disrupts the sleep cycle of the body on a daily basis.

Note that hypersomnia can also be caused by the sleep-inducing side effects of certain medications, including several antihypertensive, antihistamine, antidepressant, antiemetic, anti-epileptic, anti-anxiety, antipsychotic, and other drugs.

Here is a list of some of the main disorders that cause hypersomnia:

  • Narcolepsy - When a person has narcolepsy, a neurological illness that frequently affects children and teenagers, their body is unable to properly regulate the normal sleep-wake cycle. Patients with narcolepsy are commonly misdiagnosed and neglected because it is assumed that they are lazy or always fatigued. There is a high possibility that narcolepsy will be mistaken for a mental disorder. Although it is a prevalent problem, it is not the only one. It is an uncommon disease. A narcoleptic frequently wakes up abruptly at night, much like an insomniac. They will then have periods of extreme daytime sleepiness at inappropriate times during the day.
  • Sleep Apnea - It is a pulmonary condition that results in unsteady breathing. Patients with type II diabetes, lung conditions, or excessive weight are usually diagnosed with sleep apnea. It is characterized by repeated breathing pauses that disrupt the regular breathing rhythm. Snoring and breathing difficulties are two more symptoms of sleep apnea. The condition increases the likelihood of a sleep problem by making patients feel drowsy all the time and preventing them from getting enough deep sleep at night.
  • Restless Leg Syndrome - RLS is a neurological condition that culminates as an uncontrollable urge to restlessly move one’s legs. It appears to happen whenever a person is working or sitting upright. The throbbing or unpleasant sensation goes away when one gets up and moves around. RLS is not a sleeping disorder in and of itself, but it commonly renders it impossible to fall asleep, which results in missed sleep and excessive daytime sleepiness. RLS is a neurological illness that typically results from inherited causes or an iron deficiency in the body and is defined by faulty basal ganglia activity in the brain. The actual cause of RLS is still unknown to doctors.
  • Depression - One of the most typical signs of depression is a significant change in your circadian rhythm. You may sleep far more or significantly less than usual when you're depressed. You can feel extremely sleepy throughout the day if you don't get enough sleep at night. Changes in sleep habits can occasionally be a marker of depression. After experiencing additional symptoms, some people start to adjust their sleeping patterns. Just a handful of the numerous probable causes of depression include traumatic experiences, unusually high amounts of particular neurotransmitters in the brain, and problems with the brain's regions that control mood.
  • Aging - As per multiple studies, older persons spend more time in bed and yet have the poorest sleep quality. According to the study, middle-aged persons had poorer sleep quality. As we become older, we are less capable of sustaining deeper sleep phases and waking up more frequently. As a result, less sleep is obtained, which prolongs one's feeling of drowsiness.

What are the common symptoms of hypersomnia?

The most common symptoms of hypersomnia include:

  • Struggling to wake up from sleep
  • Feeling disoriented while being awake
  • Elevated irritability and anxiety
  • Muscular lethargy and slurred speech
  • Memory problems
  • Hallucinations and/or sleep paralysis

What is the treatment for hypersomnia?

Hypersomnia is simply a condition that can either be put off temporarily using medications, or eliminated entirely by treating the underlying illnesses causing the condition. Making healthier lifestyle choices to maintain proper sleep discipline can help in preventing hypersomnia.

Treating underlying condition

Hypersomnia may be exacerbated by underlying diseases such as narcolepsy, sleep apnea, or RLS. If an individual with complaints of hypersomnia is found to have a sleep problem, the majority of treatment is to deal with the underlying condition. The majority of the time, symptoms of hypersomnia go away after treatment for sleep disorders begins. Sometimes the best course of action is to encourage peaceful sleep rather than restrict excessive sleep. For instance, breathing devices are provided to people with obstructive sleep apnea to help them minimize sleep disturbances, which lessens the symptoms of hypersomnia.

Supportive medical therapy

Since hypersomnia is simply an excessive sleeping problem, it may be treated supportively with medication that activates the central nervous system. The CNS is stimulated by older drugs like Adderall or Ritalin to release too much dopamine, which results in alertness and hyperactivity. However, there are serious concerns about addiction and dependency on these medications. A relatively recent family of CNS stimulants that raises dopamine concentration without the risks of addiction or dependency are eugeroics. Modafinil is the most commonly prescribed eugeroic that is highly efficient in promoting alertness and concentration. Currently, it is frequently used as a prescription drug and off-label treatment to reduce excessive sleep.

Lifestyle changes for better sleep management

Acute hypersomnia can occur in someone who is sleeping deficient or fatigued. If the individual receives adequate sleep, this is typically easily fixable. To stop hypersomnia during work hours, lifestyle changes, including eating well, going to bed on time, relaxing, and working out are advised if this is a persistent problem or if the person habitually gets insufficient sleep.

In summary

Hypersomnia is a condition that does not normally entail much concern. Excessive sleeping can nonetheless reduce the quality of life you are leading. In this blog, we discussed the various causes of hypersomnia, its symptoms, and even the different treatment strategies employed to manage this condition. Modafinil is the most effective, yet safest drug available at the moment to properly deal with hypersomnia. Consider knowing well about your conditions and seeking medical advice for added safety in case you plan to start taking Modafinil to fight off sleepiness in your regular life.

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